SELF CARE AND DAILY LIVING
SELF CARE and DAILY LIVING SKILLS
Self care skills, or activities of daily living (ADLs), refer to those things we normally do in our everyday routines when caring for ourselves. Activities of daily living can be broken up into 2 types of categories: basic ADLs (feeding ourselves, mobility, toileting, bathing, dressing, grooming) and instrumental ADLs (light housework, preparing meals, shopping, using the telephone, managing money). Basic ADLs consist of self-care tasks, while instrumental ADLs are tasks not necessary for fundamental functioning, yet they enable someone to live independently within a community.
In the school setting, Occupational Therapists also help children who, for one reason or another, have not been able to achieve self care success whether it be from physical limitations, developmental delays, or difficulties with motor, perceptual, or sensory tasks. Self care training may involve teaching compensatory strategies, developing a sensory diet, or focusing on improving deficit areas through motor or perceptual remediation.